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                  American Geriatric Society: Guidelines for the Prevention of Falls in Older Adults (2001), www.americangeriatrics.org/products/postionpapers/falls.pdf

 

                  Bohannon RW. Reference values for the Timed Up and go test: A descriptive Meta-analysis. J of Geriatric Phys Ther 2006;29:64-68.

 

                  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Falls  Among Olders Adults: An Overview, www.cdc.gov/ncipc.factsheets/adultfalls.htm

 

                  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Healthy People 2010, Healthy People 2010 Report (department of Health and Human Services) http://www.health.gov/healthypeople/

 

                  Chaiwanichsiri D, Janchai S, Tantisiriwat N. Foot disorders and falls in older persons. Gerontology 2008 Dec 3.

 

                  Dite W, Temple VA.  A clinical test of stepping and change of direction to identify multiple falling older adults. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:1566-71.

 

                  Hess, RJ, Brach, JS, Piva, SR, VanSwearingen, JM, Walking skills can be assessed in older adults with validity of the figure-of-8 walk test. Phys Ther. 2010; 90: 89-99.

                  Lach HW. Incidence and risk factors for developing fear of falling in older adults. Public Health Nurs. 2005;22:45-52.

 

                                    Legters K. Fear of falling. Phys Ther  2002;82:264-72.

 

                  National Council on Aging, Center for Healthy Aging, Falls Free Coalition, heatlhyprograms.org/content.asp?sectionid=113

 

                  Shumway-Cook A, Baldwin M,  Polissar NL, Gruber W. Predicting the probability for falls in community-dwelling older adults. Phys Ther 1997;77:812-9

 

                  Shumway-Cook A, Ciol MA, Hoffman J, et al. Falls in the Medicare population: incidence, associated factors, and impact on health care. Phys Ther. 2009;89:324-332.

 

                  Thigpen MT, et al. Turning difficulty characteristics of adults aged 65 years or older. Phys Ther;80:1174-87.

 

                  Whitney SL, Marchetti GF, Schade A, Wrisley DM. The sensitivity  and specificity of the Timed “Up & GO” and the Dynamic Gait Index for self-reported falls in persons with vestibular disorders. J Vestib Res 2004;14:397-409.

 

                  Whitney SL, Marchetti GF, Morris LO, Sparto PJ. The reliability and validity of the Four Square Step Test for people with balance deficits secondary to a vestibular disorder. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007;88: 99-104.